Calendario de actividades
Cineteca Nacional de Chile
HILOS DE AMÉRICATextiles originarios
380 pieces belonging to Museo Mapuche de Cañete, DIBAM, Chile; Museo de Artes Populares – MAPA, Universidad de Chile; Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino; Museo Etnográfico Juan B. Ambrosetti, Argentina; Museo Nacional de Etnografía y Folklore – MUSEF, Bolivia; Museo La Merced, Chile; Museo Pumapungo, Ecuador; Museo Ixchel del Traje Indígena, Guatemala; Museo Nacional Arqueología y Etnología de Guatemala; Museo Nacional de las Culturas Populares de México; Embassy of Panama in Chile; Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia del Perú and Museo de Artes y Tradiciones Populares del Instituto Riva-Agüero, Peru; will be exhibited from March 15th in the exposition Hilos de América, Textiles Originarios, in Centro Cultural La Moneda.
The exhibition encompasses three cultural worlds and, at the same time, three geographic zones: Central America, with the presence of Mexico and Guatemala; Andean World, represented by Chile, Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador, and the austral extreme of South America, with textile pieces from Chile and Argentina; with the female trousseau as the connecting thread between the main indigenous cultures of each country, which are still valid today. The addition of the millenary Andean Paracas Textiles has been considered as a meeting point that reveals the origin of the textile tradition from ancient cultures.
In this way,Hilos de América brings out the persistence of hereditary techniques that extend to our days and how the use of colors and shapes of the embroideries and clothes form a visual language that is a key part of different peoples and is updated through the incorporation of mestizo and popular elements.
The exhibit allows to visualize different aspects related to indigenous clothing, such as the symbolism in the daily use attire; the textile as an indicator of identity and status within the community; the passing on and presence of traditional techniques of elaboration and the ritual importance of textile pieces related to special moments and ceremonies such as birth, marriage and death.
Among the works we can highlight those made of vegetal fibers from the Argentinean Chacao and the pieces made of feathers from the Bolivian jungle, which show the capacity of humans to adapt to adverse environment; the extraordinary Mexican tenangos (decorative embroidery) and Guatemalan huipeles, as well as Aymara textile from the Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino, and the XIX century textile collection from cuzco of the Museo La Merced, never shown before.
The exposition is also sorted by two main themes that are at the same time two basic concepts of the art of weaving: Warping and Weaving as metaphors of social networks where warping represents the base of society and the inherited context from which is knitted the weaving where the expressive, ludic and festive planes of traditional societies develop.
The exhibit includes a complete program of activities, both educational and of extension, highlighting workshops of loom knitting open to the public and a special program at the Cineteca Nacional centered in the Latin American indigenous people.